The city of Essen in North Rhine-Westphalia is the fourth largest city in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region. The city is part of the government district of Düsseldorf. It is an important location for many large companies. In 2010 it became the cultural capital of Europe for all cities in the Ruhr area. First finds as evidence of the beginning of settlements date from the Middle Paleolithic period of about 280,000 to 250,000 years ago. Around the year 850 food with the establishment of the Frauenstift Essen was the basis for today's city. Through dynasties such as Krupp and coal mining in several coalfields, Essen became a high-rise of industrialization. In 1986 the mining history was closed by the last coal mine Zollverein. The name food emerged only after some other names such as Astaide, Assinde and Essende.A comfortable accommodation in the city
Since in Essen there are numerous trade fairs, congresses and other interesting events taking place all year round, the city is prepared for a high visitor rush. Comfortable hotels are to be found for every need in the center and the districts. Business travelers are accommodated here as well as private individuals who would like to see the extraordinary city. If you do not want to travel by car, although the connection by the motorways and federal roads is very good, can come by train or the local bus and use public transport by bus and train. The best way to get to Düsseldorf is to travel by plane.The special attractions
In the city center at the Burgplatz, you can admire the Essen cathedral, also known as "Essener Dom". There are interesting further buildings to admire, including the Hundertwasser house of the McDonald's Kinderhilfe Foundation. The artist is known for its curved shapes and colorful facades. The imposing Gartenstadt Margarethenhöhe as a southern part of Essen is a remarkable excursion destination, from where you can enjoy a wonderful view over the beautiful landscape. Also parks are available in great abundance. The artificial waterfall in the Grugapark is just as much experience as the water fountain in the pond of the city garden Essen. The Philharmonic Hall and the Aalto Theater are also located here.Other interesting highlights
The Borbeck Castle is a cultural and meeting place as well as a venue. Due to the mining history of the city, the Zollverein coal mine is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Today it is an architectural and industrial monument with Ruhr Museum and Zollverein Park. Among the honorary citizens of Essen are Prince Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, industrialist Friedrich Alfred Krupp and former Federal President Gustav Heinemann. And for the spirit and physical well-being: the spacious pedestrian zone of Essen invites you to stroll, shop and relax.